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Charter on the protection and management of archaeological heritage

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By the International Committee of Heritage Management Archaeology (ICAHM) was drafted and adopted ICOMOS General Assembly in Lausanne in 1990.


Get to know the origin and development of human society has been widely acknowledged as important for mankind to basically determine the cultural roots and their own social.

Archaeological heritage constitute the basic documents on the activities of ancient people. So the protection and management of heritage that is satisfactory to essential for archaeologists and other scholars have studied the conditions and explain it, on behalf of and for the benefit of this generation and future generations.

Article 1. Defining and opening

"Heritage archaeological heritage''is part of material which archaeological methods provide us with the basic understanding of it. Heritage includes all traces of the human survival is saved in places related to human activities, the structures were abandoned, the traces of all kinds (both sites in the ground and under water) as well as material culture relics associated with them.

Article 2. Policies can protect the

Archaeological heritage is a fragile cultural resources and are not renewable. Thus the land must be defined to minimize the destruction of this legacy.

Article 3. Legal and Economic

The protection of archaeological heritage should be regarded as a spiritual moral obligation for everyone, but there is also a collective public responsibility. Obligations that must be expressed through appropriate legislation by the creation of adequate funds to finance the programs necessary for heritage management is effective.

Article 4. Research

The protection of archaeological heritage must be based on the fullest understanding possible about the scope and nature heritage. So the general study of archaeological resources as a service set up to work, to develop strategies to protect archaeological heritage. Therefore, the archaeological research is a fundamental obligation to protect and manage the archaeological heritage.

Article 5. Survey

Understanding the archaeological survey is primarily based on scientific archaeological heritage. Survey includes a range of methods, from the technology does not destroy sample material through to the entire excavation.

Article6: Conservation and Maintenance

The basic objective of the management of archaeological heritage must be preserved monuments and sites in place, including the appropriate long-term preservation and processing (to be able to long) and records collections, ... All moving elements of heritage to a new location will violate the principle of conservation of heritage in its original setting. This principle emphasizes preservation requirements, preservation and appropriate management. It also affirmed the principle that the archaeological heritage should not be dry under the rain by pit excavation and after excavation without the financial capability to ensure the preservation and management.

Article 7. Introduction, information, restoration

The introduction of the archaeological heritage general public is an essential method to improve understanding of the origin and development of modern society. Simultaneously it is a most important way to promote awareness of the need to protect our heritage.

The introduction and information must be conceived as a state of awareness is common, so must often be considered for adjustment. Must be aware of the multifaceted approach to understand the past.

Article 8. Professional qualifications

To ensure the management of archaeological heritage, is essential to mastering many fields of science at a high level. Thus the training of an adequate number of people with high professional qualifications in fields relevant expertise should be an important target for education policy in all countries. Training needs of professionals in highly specialized fields requires an international cooperation. Standards of professional training and professional conduct must be established and maintained.

Article 9. International cooperation

Archaeological heritage as the common heritage of all mankind. Thus international cooperation is essential to develop and maintain standards in the management of our heritage.

This Charter, which was compiled by the International Committee on Heritage Management Archaeology (ICAHM), a specialized committee of ICOMOS, ICOMOS General Assembly was passed during the meeting in Lausanne, Switzerland, on October - 1990.


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